In the middle of the 20th century, in the center of Europe, under an agreement between two political regimes – the Soviet Union and Poland – ethnocide was committed: the forced eviction of the autochthonous population from the southeastern lands of Poland. As a result of this international crime, the subethnos called LEMKOS almost no longer exists in their original lands.

The eviction process was conducted in several stages:

  • 1944-46 – the forced deportation of almost 500 thousand autochthons from historically ethnic lands within Poland to the Ukrainian Soviet Social Republic (SSR).
  • 1947 – total ethnic cleansing during the military-political operation “Akcja Wisla” with the brutal resettlement of 150,000 Ukrainians from the southeastern to the northwestern lands of Poland
  • 1948 – eviction of residents of the western regions of Ukraine along the Soviet-Polish border (more than 9,000 people) to the eastern Ukrainian SSR.
  • 1951 – the forced resettlement of Ukrainians (more than 32,000 people) from the western Boyko region (Boykivshchyna) to the southern Ukrainian SSR.

So far, neither Ukraine nor Poland nor other states or international organizations have adequately condemned the deportation of Ukrainians from the Lemko, San River, Kholm and Podlasie regions.

Related Links                                                                             Related Videos

Related Articles

About Akcja Wisla’s 70th anniversary and our next steps

By Mark Howansky. Published in "Ukrainian Weekly" Jan 2018 2017 marked the 70th anniversary of Operation Vistula (or Akcja Wisla), the ...
Read More

Akjca Wisla Op-Ed

This year marks the 70th anniversary of Operation Vistula (or Akcja "Wisła"), the forced resettlement by the Polish communist government ...
Read More

Operation Wisla

The code name of the military operation, by Polish military and security units (April 28 to July 21, 1947), that ...
Read More

Sixty Five Years Later

Askold Lozynskyj The operation began at 4AM on April 28, 1947. The result was that over a period of roughly ...
Read More

Maximilian Masley Essay

Two years after the dismantling of the death camps at Auschwitz (Oswiencim) and Birkenau (Brzezinka) by the Red army, their ...
Read More

Akcja Wisla: the event, its origins and context

by Tarik Cyril Amar “Purpose: To finally solve the Ukrainian problem in Poland towards the following end: a) … to ...
Read More